Farming is one of the oldest professions in the world. Therefore, the role of innovative technologies in agriculture is easily overlooked by those outside the industry. The agricultural industry is under immense pressure to generate higher yields than ever before.
On a small scale, tools such as light carts or small tractors can still be sufficient for a variety of jobs. However, the agricultural industry as a whole is affected by high-tech developments. The examples below illustrate some of the ways farmers are currently using the latest tools and technologies.
10 latest technologies for agriculture
1. Soil and Plant Sensors
The new IoT sensor devices are very useful in agriculture. For example, some farmers have started using IoT-based sensors to monitor conditions like soil moisture. These tools regularly provide farmers with valuable information about the condition of their soil and crops. This helps them make important planting decisions to maximize yields. Today, more and more farming equipment is equipped with smart sensors that can read everything from crop health and water needs to soil nitrogen levels. The sensor then activates the current input application based on real-time field conditions.
Sensor technology is also available to measure soil characteristics such as soil electrical conductivity, soil elevation, organic matter content, and even pH. For example, Veris Technologies, Geonics, and Dualem all make different types of ground sensors.
Another type of detection system is satellite or aerial imaging, known as remote sensing. These satellites snap images of key agricultural areas every three to four days to map differences in crop health. Farmers can then apply nutrients based on recipes from satellite imagery.
Flying drones are also changing the way agricultural professionals work. A farmer cultivating a large field needs an efficient way to check the actual condition of his various crops. With aerial drones, they can quickly take overhead shots of their land. Drones also allow farmers to quickly apply agrochemicals and grow new crops. Drones are one of the newest technologies for agriculture.
Robots seem poised to solve the global labor shortage
Labor availability in many developed countries is affected by various socio-economic and political problems. Labor shortages are a global problem. The answer? Robots pick fruits and vegetables. They were developed for picking strawberries in the UK and Spain and apples in the US. Robots could be the next big shift in controlled steering technology. Gradually, manufacturers of agricultural equipment show a glimpse of their work on robotic equipment.
4. Autonomous tractor
Smart tractors seem to be changing farming
Whether we will see lighter vehicles entering the market, as some have predicted, is debatable. To plow the ground, the motor needs to be powerful enough and move fast enough, so I’m not sure how a lightweight autonomous vehicle will work. What is certain is that future tractors will be far more intelligent than today’s tractors, and artificial intelligence is the technology that will drive this transformative change.
5. Organic Products
Expect more biological pest control and more growth as farmers look for greener, more cost-effective crop remedies. Advanced technologies such as high-throughput screening are also helping companies to rapidly proliferate beneficial organisms, driving the development of new biologics. Products like biological nematicide for early plant growth and seed treatment are examples of biologics promoted by big companies.
6. High-precision technology
Precision farming technology is getting stronger and more precise. The widespread adoption of the RTK navigation system ushered in an era of high fidelity. With RTK navigation, the correct application of seed and fertilization has become a reality. Manufacturers are introducing controllers, drives, and enclosure systems with ever finer resolution and the ability to provide multiple products at different rates.
7. RFID technology
Radio Frequency Identification or RFID is used extensively in livestock to identify animals. But the use of tagging technology will expand to plants as the technology gets exponentially better, faster, and cheaper. It’s a very small computer chip that will allow consumers to track individual products from start to finish, and it’s also the latest technology for farming.
8. Nitrogen utilization
The extreme price fluctuations of nitrogen fertilizers do not go unnoticed by seed companies. They are currently developing hybrid corn that can make better use of the available nitrogen. produce the same amount of corn with less nitrogen or increase yield with the same amount of nitrogen.
9. Hybrid plants
Researchers have developed various forms of hybrid plants that offer benefits that traditional plants cannot. For example, hybrid corn varieties have been shown to use nitrogen more efficiently than non-hybrid corn. This allows them to produce more grain. Farmers using such hybrids can produce more food without requiring more land. This saves you considerable resources.
10. Management System
Many factors influence the success of a farm. A farmer needs to monitor crop conditions, plan planting and harvesting, prioritize daily and long-term tasks, and more.
Farm management systems facilitate this process. By gathering all the necessary information in a single application, a farmer can create and insert his plans much more easily than before, which is especially useful on large farms with many employees. Using the app to ensure everyone understands the short-term and overall goals helps each employee with the task.