Aircraft Safety Technology
Public transportation like airplanes is of course equipped with various technologies to ensure the safety of passengers and flight crew. While some flights are completed in a short amount of time, some passengers take up to ten hours to complete the journey.
Compared to other means of transport, airplanes are the safest means of transport. According to the Aviation Tribune, 95.7% of airplane passengers are verified safe, making airplane crashes less common than other modes of transport. Air travel is responsible for billions of passengers every year and airlines must adhere to strict aviation safety standards.
There are some technologies that airlines and aircraft manufacturers are continuously developing in safety installations. This is due to careful review and consideration of the safety of the technology used on the aircraft, from the aircraft seats to the cabin air. Thanks to these technologies, airplanes can travel safely.
In fact, in 2013, Vladimir Tatarenko, an aeronautical engineer from Ukraine, came up with the revolutionary idea of creating a cabin parachute that supposedly could ensure the safety of passengers in the event of a plane crash. Based on Tatarenko’s design, an aircraft is later constructed to have a capsule in the fuselage.
If there are signs of an accident, the plane will launch a parachute that can tow the capsule with passengers. When the plane eventually crashes and explodes, passengers are still protected in a cabin capsule parachuted through the air.
Technological breakthroughs related to the plane’s parachute have great potential to save many lives. It only has weaknesses related to potential cost overruns in the aircraft production process.
In addition, the manufacture of cabin capsules can also reduce the number of passenger seats, which means that the airline’s revenue opportunities from the number of passengers carried are reduced. So far, it seems like the pros and cons of parachuting are just being discussed, with no sign of actual implementation. However, this does not mean that this closes the opportunity for the safety of air passengers.
Over time, the world of aviation keeps innovating with safety technology on board. Undeniably, advances in technology are reducing the possibility of error.
So what are the technological innovations for passenger and crew safety? Check out the full synopsis below.
1. Wing skeleton
The spar is one of the main supporting structures of the wing. The spar itself withstands the greatest loads from takeoff, cruising altitude, and landing and connects the wing to the fuselage. If the wing spars fail, the aircraft may crash. So the technology is helping to ensure the readiness of part of this aircraft.
The wing frame is the most important component of the wing as a whole considering that it has to carry all the pressure. The crew examined the wing skeleton and fuselage skin with ultrasound for early signs of failure.
One technology that helps avoid the wing skeleton problem is a resin-filled nanostructure. By embedding this structure in the wing frame material, engineers can patch the cracks as they form. This is key to protecting everyone on the plane.
2. Weather Alert
The next important technology is weather alerts, where inclement weather affects all aspects of airport operations. Industry professionals can protect crew and passengers with weather data products and services, including alerts.
A very important warning is a flash warning. Total Lightning Network warns of lightning in the clouds. Also helps predict wind shifts to hail.
3. Wheel bearing
The next very important safety component is the airplane wheel. The wheel bearings carry the entire weight of the aircraft in an area of just a few square centimeters. On landing, the wheels accelerate from zero to two thousand revolutions per minute in less than a second.
Wheel bearing safety features must comply with regulations to ensure a safe landing for passengers and crew. The latest wheel bearings are made from a new ceramic formula. The bearings should be better able to withstand temperature fluctuations and physical stresses caused by aircraft landings.
4. Cockpit digital map
With current technology, pilots can rely on digital maps. This airport and area map is easier to use and includes new restrictions and infrastructure. All pilots must carry an electronic flight bag connected to the cockpit navigation system. Alerts ensure pilots keep their maps up to date when connected to Wi-Fi.
5. Airport Surface Detection Equipment-X
Another technology is for control towers. The Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) Airport Surface Detection Equipment-X essentially creates a constantly updated map of all airport traffic.
It does this by integrating data from incoming aircraft GPA units and transponder signals from ground vehicles and other aircraft in the air. This way pilots know everything that is going on around them.
6. Thermal/acoustic insulation
When an airplane crashes, many casualties are often associated with the resulting fire. To minimize flight-related fatalities, aircraft use an insulating blanket covered with a metalized polyethylene terephthalate material with thermal or acoustic insulation. This new insulation technology not only meets fire spread standards but also effectively increases the aircraft’s resistance to an external fire.