History of the development of information and communication technology
Hi buddy! Do you know how information technology is developing today? I’ll ask you first, where did you read this article from? Laptop, cell phone, or tablet?
The technology you are using right now, whether it is a laptop, mobile phone, or tablet, is no coincidence. Of course, there is progress. I remember very well when I was in elementary school I experienced what is called a cartel. Wartel is an abbreviation for telephone shop or telecommunications shop.
Now try to find a Wartel near you, is there one? I’m sure it’s not there. Yes, the cartel is extinct.
In the past, HP was still an expensive commodity, folks. So if you don’t have a cell phone and want to contact relatives, you have to come to the Wartel. The longer the duration of the chat, the higher the rate. So only call the important ones.
Unlike now, we can chat with friends for hours, some even make phone calls and fall asleep! In fact, since the pandemic, there is again a development of information and communication technology (ICT) in the form of conference calls, namely online or online long-distance communication.
The example above is the development of information and communication technology in Indonesia. Hmm, it turns out that the development of ICT is also fast, right? Uh, no, really? Let’s describe the development of information and communication technology below, let’s go!
History of the development of information and communication technology
When we talk about the development of information and communication technology, we cannot avoid this one figure. Yes, that character is Alexander Graham Bell. One of the most important milestones in the development of information and communication technology in the world began in 1875 when Alexander Graham Bell became the first to patent a working telephone. This incident is an important moment because other, more modern TKIs emerged from this phone call.
After the telephone came to the invention of the radio in 1895 by the Italian Guglielmo Marconi. However, don’t think that the radio invented by Guglielmo Marconi is the same as the radio you know today, okay? Where now there is a radio station and a music player.
The first radios used analog signals used by sailors. Its purpose is the transmission of Morse code telegraph messages between a sailing ship and its operator on land. So the operator will notify you when a storm is coming. This way the crew is more careful and can strategize to avoid it.
Well, during World War II, these two means of communication became important for mobilizing troops, coordinating them, delivering diplomatic messages, and spying on the enemy. In addition, television was founded in 1884 by Paul Gottlieb Nipkow from Germany. However, the 1920s was not the first time television was sold commercially. Well, why is it so far away? Because 1914-1918 was the First World War. After WWI, people still feel stressed and traumatized by what happened to them. You could say the 1920s were the Roaring Twenties. So much entertainment takes place, such as circus, jazz, and television. Yes, television was created for entertainment, folks.
From there, from the 1970s onwards, with the advent of video cassettes, there was again the development of information and communication technology. The video cassettes developed into laser discs, DVDs, and Blu-rays until finally television could be called up via the Internet.
After that, can you guess, no, what major technology was created next? Yes, the development of the first computer by the United States Armed Forces in 1945. The first computer was called the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC). Of course, the target is for military purposes.
However, the emergence of the computer cannot be separated from a character named Charles Babbage who lived in the 19th century. His invention of the calculating machine in 1882 inspired the United States to develop computers.
Unfortunately, old computers weren’t as small as they are today. The old computer was the size of a room, you know! Now, after computers, continue to the invention of the Internet (Interconnection Networking) by the US Department of Defense in 1969. The name of the Internet is ARPANET.
I was surprised when I first learned that the information and communications technology we currently use was invented by the military for military purposes. You feel the same way, don’t you? OK, let’s go again, let’s go! It’s not finished here. Next, we discuss the origins of the emergence of social media.
Social media emerged in 1995 based on a website called Geocities. However, if you look around, these Geocities are more akin to the 4shared we know today. Because we can share files with the website and other people can download them. And vice versa.
Well, the discovery of social media as we know it today happened in 1997-1999 under the names Sixdegree and Classmates. Until eventually social media evolved until Friendster was born in 2002.
This is the history of the development of information and communication technology. You can see his story in the brief timeline below.
From the above description, you already know examples of the development of information and communication technology, you know. There are telephones, radio, television, computers, the internet, and even social media.
Effects of the development of information and communication technology
The development of ICT certainly has positive and negative effects. What are the positive effects of the development of information and communication technology? So what are the negative effects of this development? Let’s just discuss it one by one, let’s go!
First, we will discuss the positive effects or benefits of developing ICT, yes. What are the benefits of the development of information and communication technology?
1. Democratize access to information
In the past, information could only be obtained through newspapers, television, and radio. Even then, not everyone can easily access it. Since the development of ICT, everyone can now access information easily and quickly. We can also filter which information we want to accept or reject.
2. Advancing different areas of life
The development of ICT can also advance various areas of life. For example, if you want to pay your annual tax, you no longer have to come directly to the tax office. We can report online at home.
When it comes to healthcare, we can also provide online advice from home, so you don’t have to come to a clinic or hospital just to see a doctor. So can you give examples from other areas that have been helped by the development of information and communication technology?
3. Bringing the distant nearer
The development of ICT is also very helpful for us when it comes to bringing friends and family from far away. We can still communicate by simply asking how we are doing via text, voice message, or online video call.
Really can be done without the constraints of distance and time eh?
Although the development of information technology brings many benefits, there are still negative or negative effects of these developments. Now let’s talk about the negative effects, shall we?
1. The emergence of cybercrime (cybercrime)
Such crimes happen often. Of course, you are already familiar with the terms scamming (fraud), hacking (hacking), and cyberbullying (bullying of other people on the Internet).
Yes, cheating and bullying have always existed in the real world. However, with the development of ICT, such crimes are increasingly evolving into cyberspace and can spread faster.
2. The rise of fake news (hoax)
In the past, information shared in the community was handled centrally, folks. That is if there is any information, whoever is submitting the information is from an official source.
Meanwhile, the provision of information is currently not that centralized. Access is too free, so anyone can provide information. Unfortunately, the messages that circulate are often not first confirmed for accuracy. So there is fake news or hoaxes.
Well, in this era of ICT development, my advice, if you want to spread news or information, you need 3S. What is 3S? 3S filters before sharing.
3. Excessive Device Usage
Surely having excess isn’t good, yes folks. For example, since you are too busy playing with gadgets or cell phones, do not chat with friends who hang out with you. Or you miss various family moments because you prefer to play alone in your room on your device and chat with your online friends that you have never met in the real world.
You could say the development of ICT can also distance proximity.
We can also take the example of children who play too often until they become addicted, then their normal activities such as studying, and playing with friends in the field are disrupted. If he asked for his cell phone, he would get angry that he didn’t want to go to school. Hmm, it’s smarter to play with the gadget, huh? We as adults also need to keep an eye on our younger siblings while playing on their devices.
So we have to make the most of this ICT development. Avoid possible crimes and use ICT more wisely.