Listen! Definition, types, and functions of cloud computing


Digital developments have now become one of the driving factors for companies or startups to be able to conduct business activities in the field of technology and digital. In the IT world, something is very important and due to digital developments, we no longer have to spend space or paper on data.

So, if you want to run a business related to technology and digital, you need a place or container to store various information and data on a large scale. You don’t need to worry, now there is a breakthrough that uses a technology known as cloud computing.

Perhaps those of you who are already struggling in IT are familiar with the word cloud computing. Simply put, cloud computing is the process of managing various resources over the Internet, which is also often referred to as the “cloud” or cloud.

Perhaps there are still many of you who do not know, how what cloud computing is. For those of you who would like to know more about cloud computing, the following Convey explains it to you in a concise and easy-to-understand manner.

Understand cloud computing

The definition of cloud computing itself is an on-demand service of computing, databases, storage, applications, and other IT resources through a cloud service platform over the Internet at a price commensurate with its usage. Cloud computing with other computerized devices is different as the server can be accessed anywhere as long as there is an internet network.

It is called cloud computing because the information is accessed remotely in the “cloud” or virtual space. Cloud computing itself can be public or private, and some offer a hybrid or combination of public and private clouds.

Cloud computing is becoming one of the most popular options today as it offers many advantages such as B. Saving costs, and increasing speed, performance, productivity, efficiency, and safety. Therefore, today many companies and individuals are moving to the cloud for data storage.

Types of Cloud Computing

Cloud computing has several types that distinguish it, these types are divided into two groups or types namely by reach and service. So, here are some types of cloud computing according to their services, classified into three types including infrastructure as a service, platform as a service, and software as a service.

1. Infrastructure as a Service

Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) is a cloud computing service that provides a suite of virtual computing hardware devices, as well as an internet network, bandwidth, and IP address support. There are various IaaS services, users are free to choose according to their needs. Examples of popular IaaS services are Amazon Web Service, Indonesian Cloud, and Microsoft Azure.

2. Platform as a Service

Platform as a Service (PaaS) is a cloud computing service that rents or provides hardware, operating systems, storage, and network capacity over the Internet. Usually, this type is a framework used by developers, especially startup companies that focus on development when creating software. Examples of popular PaaS services are Google App Engine and Oracle Cloud Platform.

3. Software as a Service

Software as a Service (SaaS) is a cloud computing service that refers to cloud-based software over the Internet and can be purchased on a subscription basis. Users no longer need to purchase a license and install applications, they simply pay a fee based on usage. These licenses are typically granted through the pass-as-you-go or on-demand method, and an example of this SaaS service is Microsoft Office 365.

Meanwhile, the type of cloud computing is also divided into three types of services according to their scale, including public cloud, private cloud, and hybrid cloud. And here’s a little explanation about the types of cloud computing by their reach that you need to know.

4. Public Cloud

The public cloud is a cloud computing service that is the most widespread. Both individuals and companies can access what the provider provides over the internet. If you access it, you can share it with many different users. Even if they are in the same cloud environment, other users cannot access other users’ data. This type of cloud service is commonly used by large companies like Amazon, Google, Microsoft, and Azure.

5. Private Cloud

A private cloud is a cloud computing service designed to meet the needs of a specific business or organization. This service is only managed and operated for groups, which are generally large and have the opportunity to have their cloud. Simply put, this type of private cloud service is non-public and open like a public cloud service.

6. Hybrid Cloud

Finally, there is a hybrid cloud, a cloud computing service that is a combination of other types of clouds such as public clouds and private clouds. While this hybrid cloud service remains independent in intensity, some technologies allow data and applications to be connected between the clouds.

Cloud Computing Capabilities

As is known, many companies are currently using cloud computing storage systems, since it has many advantages. When using cloud computing, adding storage or increasing other computing capabilities is more practical.

By using this cloud computing system, all company data is stored in a virtual storage accessible to all teams involved in a project. This can improve performance between teams in a company. Apart from that, there are still some cloud computing features that you need to know. The functions of cloud computing are briefly described below.

1. Centralized storage

The presence of cloud computing serves to store data centrally on a server according to the services provided by the manager. In addition, users no longer have to make any further demands in terms of infrastructure, ranging from storage media to data centers that are already available virtually via cloud computing.

2. Data Security

Another function that has been considered important since the existence of cloud computing is ensuring data security. When applying cloud computing, the service provider must provide data guarantees so that your data will not be easily corrupted or damaged. It will certainly make your data and information safer compared to traditional methods used by most people.

3. Cheaper and more durable

In addition, the cloud computing feature can also help you save costs as cloud services are simpler and more durable than other methods. Because cloud computing does not require any storage media on an external hard drive, as there is already a central storage medium on the server. This contributes to cost efficiency as companies no longer have to buy physical servers or upgrade servers.

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