The development of technology in Indonesia is growing day by day. Breakthroughs are also emerging, including the Internet of Things, or what may be abbreviated as IoT. IoT itself has been developed for a long time, but lately, its name is gaining popularity.
In this article, we will discuss what IoT is. What are the constituent elements? What advantages can be achieved by using IoT? And in which areas is IoT technology used? Let’s look at the article.
What is the Internet of Things?
The Internet of Things is a concept in which technologies such as sensors and software are implanted in an object or object to communicate, control, connect, and exchange data through other devices while remaining connected to the Internet.
IoT is closely related to the term Machine-to-Machine or M2M. All tools that have M2M communication capabilities are often referred to as smart devices. This smart device is expected to assist human work in completing various existing affairs or tasks.
Elements that make up the IoT ecosystem
To create an IoT ecosystem, we need not only smart devices but also various other supporting elements in them. Here are the different elements that make up the Internet of Things:
Artificial intelligence (artificial intelligence)
The first is artificial intelligence. Artificial intelligence (AI) is a human intelligence system that is implemented or programmed into machines to enable machines to think and act like humans. AI itself has several branches, one of which is machine learning. You can learn this machine learning at Machine Learning Developer Decoding as the first step in developing AI.
In the IoT, almost any machine or device can become an intelligent machine. This means that IoT is having a tremendous impact on all aspects of our lives. This AI is responsible for collecting data, designing and developing algorithms, and installing networks.
Next, there are sensors. This element is element that differentiates IoT machines from other sophisticated machines. With this sensor, the machine can determine the instrument that can turn the IoT machine from a passive to an active and integrated machine or tool.
The last is connectivity. Connectivity is also commonly referred to as the connection between networks. In the IoT world itself, there is an opportunity for us to create a new network, a network used specifically for IoT devices.
The advantages of the Internet of Things in different areas
Now that we know the explanation and the elements to form an IoT ecosystem, we will explain the advantages of the Internet of Things in different fields.
In its application, the Internet of Things brings many advantages. In addition to its main advantages in facilitating human work, the Internet of Things is also useful in various fields. Here are some of them:
First, we will discuss starting from the agricultural sector or agriculture. The application of IoT in agriculture can be done in different ways. One of them concerns data collection. The data collected can be in the form of temperature, humidity, rainfall, soil water content, and pest monitoring.
For example, farmers can use embedded sensors to determine important data such as soil water content and ambient temperature. The data collected can be used to make decisions to improve quality and quantity, mitigate risk and reduce the burden of managing operations.
Next comes the medical and healthcare sector. In the world of health, the Internet of Things is evolving. It is planned that in the future all examination results can be received directly by medical staff or hospitals. They sent data like blood pressure, medical history, current illness, and others.
IoT technology is currently being used in the healthcare sector, for example, such as B. A robotic nurse at a clinic in Moscow, supporting the work of health workers during the current pandemic.
Next comes the transport sector. IoT can help people integrate, control, and process information in transport systems. The application of the Internet of Things is growing very fast and can be implemented on vehicle engines or steering functions.
An example of the Internet of Things in the transport sector is a car that can park itself and a car that can drive itself (autopilot). There is hope that with the existence of IoT in the transport sector, the number of accidents can be greatly reduced.
Next in the home area. Internet of Things devices can also be used not only in business but also privately. You can make your house fully automatic, you know, from turning on the lights to turning on electronic devices to even opening the door. These devices are called smart home peripherals or smart home devices. If you implement IoT at home, indirectly you already have a smart home. cool right?
In addition to comfort, you can also save energy. That’s because you can remotely control the smart devices in your home. In this way, no energy is automatically wasted.
Examples of IoT in the home include lights that turn on automatically at night, door locks that open with fingerprints or smartphones, automatic pet feeders, automatic flower sprinklers, and more.
The last is the application of IoT to the environment. Typically, this environmental sector uses IoT applications and devices that use sensors.
Examples include air quality monitoring devices, devices that can be attached to captive wildlife, checking water conditions, and so on. The Internet of Things can also be used for disaster early warning systems.
So that’s the discussion about the Internet of Things. Like, interesting, right? IoT devices that exist today may become even more sophisticated in the future and should be able to help people in all fields.
We hope that after reading this article, you will be interested in creating and developing other IoT devices that are useful to humans. See you in the next article.